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HISTORY
Upon the 1894 founding of the International Olympic Committee, the two constituent American members, James Edward Sullivan and William Milligan Sloane, formed a committee to organize the participation of U.S. athletes in the inaugural modern Olympic Games to be contested two years later in Athens, Greece. The formal committee, initially named the American Olympic Association, was formed at a meeting in November 1921 at the New York Athletic Club.
In 1940, the AOA changed its name to the United States of America Sports Federation and, in 1945, changed it again to the United States Olympic Association. Public Law 805, which granted the USOA a federal charter, was enacted in 1950 and enabled the USOA to solicit tax-deductible contributions as a private, non-profit corporation.
In 1961, when major constitutional revisions were made, the name of the USOA was changed to its current designation — United States Olympic Committee.
In 1978, the USOC was reorganized by the Amateur Sports Act (now the Ted Stevens Olympic and Amateur Sports Act – revised in 1998). It is a federally chartered nonprofit corporation that does not receive federal financial support, and serves as the coordinating body for all Olympic-related athletic activity in the United States.
The act included provisions for recognizing National Governing Bodies for the sports on the Olympic, Paralympic, Pan American and Parapan American Games programs and gave the USOC the general authority, on a continuing basis, to review matters related to the recognition of NGBs in the act.
Pursuant to the act, the USOC has the exclusive right to use and authorize the use of Olympic-related marks, images and terminology in the United States.
The USOC moved its headquarters from New York City to Colorado Springs, Colo., on July 1, 1978. Thanks to the generous support of the city of Colorado Springs and its residents, the USOC headquarters moved to its present location in downtown Colorado Springs in April 2010, while the previous site (two miles away) remains one of three U.S. Olympic Training Centers.
2014 U.S. Olympic Team Media Guide